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Brittany Ferries ferry routes from Ireland to France and Spain

Why sail with us?

  • Weekly service from Cork to Roscoff
  • Weekly service from Rosslare to Roscoff
  • Twice weekly service direct from Rosslare to Bilbao, northern Spain
  • Cruise ferry service from Cork and économie services from Rosslare
  • économie sailings offer a comfortable, no-frills crossing
  • Largest tour operator for self-drive holidays to France and Spain

Guide to driving in Spain

Driving in Spain is generally very easy but you do need to be aware of certain travel requirements and basic information, particularly when driving.

The information on this page will provide tips and explain all the essential facts you need to know, including information on Spanish law and driving regulations.

The minimum age for driving in Spain is eighteen years old. We would recommend you contact your insurers to check you have adequate cover. However, be aware that Spanish law requires all car occupants to wear a seat belt - also that no child under twelve years old is allowed to travel in the front of a vehicle unless it is in a specially adapted rear-facing seat for infants.

Leaded petrol is usually sold as super/super 97, and unleaded as sin plomo 98  or Eurosuper 95. Diesel is known as gasoleo. It pays to remember that few rural garages are open 24 hours, also that they are liable to be closed for up to two hours at lunchtime, and all day on Sunday. Sometimes you can drive for many miles in rural Spain without seeing a garage, so don't let your tank get low.

About driving in Spain

Speed limits

Radar speed traps are very common, and fines (which must be paid on the spot) can be heavy. If oncoming vehicles flash their headlights at you it often means that there is a speed trap ahead. However, flashing headlights can also mean the driver is warning you that it is his right of way. Speed limits in Spain are mentioned below.

Motorways and other roads

Road through Picos de Europa mountains from Potes to Fuente Dé, Picos de Europa

In recent years there has been a huge road-building programme in Spain, and their motorways (autopistas) are now amongst the best in Europe. However, most are toll roads (autopistas de peajes), and the charge for using them (payable by cash or credit card) is far from cheap. This has two very obvious knock-on effects. The motorways themselves are never particularly crowded - also the non-toll roads leading to the same destination are almost invariably busy. The choice is simple. If you are intent on covering large distances as quickly as possible, using the motorway network is probably the only realistic answer. On the other hand, if you are not in a hurry, want to save money, and fancy seeing something of Spain along the way, you'll be better off using the dual-carriageway roads (autovias) that are prefixed with an E.

All 'E' roads are toll free. They also have the same maximum speed limit as the motorways, although getting even remotely close to this limit may be far from easy at times. One useful feature to look out for on dual carriageways if you happen to miss your turn off is the sign 'cambio de sentido', which means that just ahead is the opportunity to reverse your direction via an under or over-pass.

All weather speed limits
Road typeSpeed* km / mph
Toll motorway120km / 75mph
Dual carriageway110km / 68mph
Other roads90km / 56mph
Built-up areas50km / 31mph
* Unless indicated otherwise

Road signs

The quality of signposting in Spain varies considerably. In general, all main roads are well served, but venture off these and the standard can dip alarmingly. Carrying a large-scale map is strongly advised whatever your route, but if you are planning to stray off the major highways it is absolutely essential. The Michelin Motoring Atlas of Spain is highly recommended for both route planning, and locating your holiday accommodation.

Finally, one thing to remember when joining motorways or dual carriageways: Spanish drivers generally do not move over or slow down to help merging traffic. You may well have to come to a full stop at the end of the entry slip road until the road is clear.

Emergency telephone numbers

112 - European general emergency number
061 - Medical emergency
080 - Fire brigade
091 - Police

Continental motoring checklist

Ensure you comply with European Motoring Requirements by carrying the following essential items of accident, emergency and breakdown equipment.

Motoring in Spain summary
Minimum age at which Driving Licence accepted18
National Driving Licence requiredYES
International Driving Permit requiredNO
Vehicle Registration document requiredYES
Motor Vehicle Insurance requiredYES
Bail Bond requiredNO
IRL Sticker/ EuroplatesC
Warning Triangle required2 C
Reflectorised jacket/ waistcoastC
Spare Headlamp bulbs requiredR
Headlamp adjustment neededC
Seatbelts required front and rearC
Breathalysers specifically calibrated to the French alcohol limit (0.05%) and NF approved)NO
Minimum age of children allowed in front seat12
Wide acceptance of credit cards for petrolYES
Wide availability of unleaded petrolYES
Motorway Tolls payableYES
Maximum Motorway Speed Limit120kph/ 75mph
On the spot FinesYES
Safety camera warning devices allowedYES
R = Recommended. C = Compulsory.

All compulsory items are available from the onboard shop (subject to availability).

Failure to comply

In the event of prosecution and conviction for failure to comply with the legal requirements, the courts in all EEC countries have wide powers to impose stringent penalties, and the arresting officers have extensive powers to impose "on the spot fines".

On the spot fines

The moment these are demanded, they have to be paid to the arresting officer.

Radar detectors are illegal in Spain whether in use or not. If you are caught with such equipment in your vehicle, you are liable to a hefty fine.

A couple driving in a car A car driving on board man on bike in mountains